Heart Problems Are On The Rise In Tier II Cities
Heart problems and cardiac ailments are on the rise, along with many other lifestyle diseases. With urbanization touching more and more lives of people in Tier II cities, there’s a drastic change in the routinely habits and diet of individuals. Conditions and diseases once known to be more common among the older generation are now affecting people as young as 20 and 30.
Urbanisation Leading Cause Of Increase In Heart Problems
Cardiac ailments are one of the leading causes of death in India and worldwide. They kill about 1 in 5 men and 1 in 8 women, according to WHO reports. Heart attacks that were once reckoned to be an elderly problem is now been reflected in the middle-aged population as well. The increasing stress of modern life has exposed even younger people to the risk of heart diseases.
While a person’s genetic disposition and family history remain the most common and uncontrollable risk factors, majority of heart diseases in the younger generation are due to:
- Excessive stress and long working hours
- Erratic sleep patterns and restless sleep (cause inflammation in the body)
- Smoking and alcohol consumption
- Desk jobs leading to a sedentary lifestyle
- Consumption of packaged foods high in sodium (salt)
- Early menopause leading to drop in oestrogen, causing increased fat levels in the blood
All these lifestyle factors have accelerated the risk symptoms in people in the age group of 20 to 40 years, ultimately leading to often undiagnosed/undetected heart problems.
“While development in Tier II cities has been a boon to people in many ways, it has also brought a set of health challenges with it. Health conditions such as hypertension and diabetes have become increasingly common which contribute to a deteriorating heart health. It has also been observed that there’s a spurt in cardiac issues among the younger generation. A heart disease is no more an ‘old-age problem’ as it also impacts people in their 30s. Therefore, it is imperative to raise awareness among the Tier II city population about prevention, early detection and timely treatment of cardiac issues,” says Dr Adil Rizvi, Principal Consultant, CTVS Surgeon, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Patparganj.
High Blood Pressure: The Silent Killer
Risk factors such as smoking and diabetes, in particular, provoke inflammatory changes and promote the formation of blood clots, thus obstructing the blood flow. The one factor that strongly predicts both heart and brain health is high blood pressure. In fact, many people are not even aware that they have high blood pressure because it has no visible symptoms, which is why it is called as ‘the silent killer’.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a result of excessive pressure when your blood’s flowing through your blood vessels. It is measured by taking into account the amount of blood passing through the blood vessels and the resistance it meets while the heart is pumping.
Dr Rizvi says, “Due to increase in sedentary lifestyle and the culture of ‘eating out’, I have observed that there is a rise in the incidence of heart diseases in younger people which is very worrisome. People do not have easy access to timely diagnosis and treatment for heart diseases, which have become a growing epidemic in many regions. Reaching the masses with latest advancements will help citizens have latest cardiac care at their doorsteps and prove to be highly beneficial to patients who have undergone heart surgeries or stenting.”
In addition to prescription drugs and treatments, patients often take help of natural herbs and home remedies that promote good heart health. These include garlic, celery seeds, basil seeds, hibiscus, and flax seeds. Here’s a guide on how you can add natural herbs to your diet to improve heart health.